BIRDS OF COSTA RICA

SULIFORMES

CORMORANTS AND ANHINGA

  • Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)
  • Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax olivaceous)

    GRUIFORMES

  • Gray-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides cajanea)
  • Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa)
  • Purple Gallinule (Porphyrula martinica)
  • EURYPYGIFORMES

  • Sunbittern (Eurypyga helias)

    ANSERIFORMES

  • WATERFOWL

  • Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
  • Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
  • Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata)
  • PELICANIFORMES

    PELICANS, HERONS & ALLIES

  • Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
  • Roseate Spoonbill (Ajaja ajaja)
  • White Ibis (Eudocimus albus)
  • Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
  • CHARADRIIFORMES

    SHOREBIRDS

  • Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
  • Lesser Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica)
  • Collared Plover (Charadrius collaris)
  • Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)
  • Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)
  • Sanderling (Calidris alba)
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
  • Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa mealanoleuca)
  • American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)
  • Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
  • Willet (Catoptrophophorus semipalmatus)
  • Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)
  • Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)
  • Double-striped Thick-knee (Burhinus bristriatus)
  • Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis)

    GULLS & TERNS

  • Royal Tern (Sterna maxima)
  • Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis)
  • Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregeta magnificens)
  • Franklin's Gull (Larus pipixcan)
  • Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla)
  • APODIFORMES

    HUMMINGBIRDS

  • Beryl-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia decora)
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird (Amazilia rutila)
  • Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi)
  • Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
  • Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerrottei)
  • Black-bellied Hummingbird (Eupherusa nigriventris)
  • Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia)
  • Scintillant Hummingbird (Selasphorus scintilla)
  • Volcano Hummingbird (Selasphorus flammula)
  • Fiery-throated Hummingbird (Panterpe insignis)
  • Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
  • Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti)
  • Scaly-breasted Hummingbird (Phaeochroa cuvierii)
  • Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae)
  • Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)
  • Black-crested Coquette (Lophornis helenae)
  • White-crested Coquette (Lophornis adorabilis)
  • Gray-tailed Mountain-gem (Lampornis castaneoventris cinereicauda)
  • Purple-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis calolaema)
  • White-bellied Mountain-gem (Lampornis hemileucus)
  • Green-crowned Brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula)
  • Coppery-headed Emerald (Elvira cupreiceps)
  • Fork-tailed Garden Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetti)
  • Purple-crowned Fairy (Heliothryx barroti)
  • White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora)
  • Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii)
  • Red-footed Plumeleteer (Chalybura urochrysia)
  • Violet Sabrewing (Campylopterus hemileucurus)
  • Snowcap (Microchera albocoronata)
  • Green Thorntail (Discosura conversii)
  • Magenta-throated Woodstar (Calliphlox bryantae)
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania columbica)
  • Green Hermit (Phaethornis guy)
  • Little Hermit (Phaethornis striigularis)
  • Long-tailed Hermit (Phaethornis superciliosus)
  • Stripe-throated Hermit (Phaethornis striigularis)

    STRIGOFORMES

    OWLS

  • Bare-shanked Screech-Owl (Otus clarkii)
  • Black-and-white Owl (Strix nigrolineata)
  • Ferruginous Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)
  • Pacific Screech Owl (Megascops cooperi)
  • Spectacled Owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata)
  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
  • Laughing Falcon (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
  • Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
  • Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
  • Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
  • Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)
  • Mangrove Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus subtilis)
  • Semiplumbeous Hawk (Leucopternis semiplumbea)
  • Bicolored Hawk (Acipiter bicolor)
  • Crested Caracara (Polyborus plancus)
  • Yellow-headed Caracara (Milyago chimachima)
  • Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
  • Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
  • CAPRIMULIGIFORMES

    NIGHTJARS & POTOOS

  • Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)
  • Common Potoo (Nyctibius griseus)

    GALLIFORMES
  • GUANS, CHACHALACAS & CURRASOWS

  • Black Guan (Chamaepetes unicolor)
  • Crested Guan (Penelope purpurascens)
  • Gray-headed Chachalaca (Ortalis cinereiceps)
  • Great Currasow (Crax rubra)

    TINAMIFORMES

  • Great Tinamou (Tinamus major)
  • COLUMBIFORMES

    PIGEONS & DOVES

  • Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
  • Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti)
  • White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
  • Red-billed Pigeon (Columba cayennensis)
  • Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
  • Short-billed Pigeon (Patagioenas nigrirostris)
  • HERONS

  • Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
  • Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
  • Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor)
  • Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
  • Great Egret (Camerodius albus)
  • Green Heron (Butorides virescens)
  • Bare-throated Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma mexicanum)
  • Fasciated Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma fasciatum)
  • Agami Heron (Agamia agami)
  • Boat-billed Heron (Cochlearius cochlearius)
  • Cattle Egret (Babulcus ibis)
  • Yellow-crowned Night Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)
  • Limpkin (Aramus guarauna)
  • Jabiru (Jabiru mycteria)
  • PICOFORMES

    WOODPECKERS

  • Acorn Woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus)
  • Black-cheeked Woodpecker (Melanerpes pucherani)
  • Golden-naped Woodpecker (Melanerpes chrysauchen)
  • Hoffman's Woodpecker (Melanerpes hoffmannii)
  • Red-crowned Woodpecker (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
  • Rufous-winged Woodpecker (Piculus simplex)
  • Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)
  • Chestnut-colored Woodpecker (Celeus castaneus)
  • Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
  • Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)
  • Pale-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus guatemalensis)

    PUFFBIRDS & BARBETS

  • White-necked Puffbird (Bucco mocrohynchos)
  • White-whiskered Puffbird (Malacoptila panamensis)
  • Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii)
  • TOUCANS

  • Chestnut-mandibled Toucan (Ramphastos swainsonii)
  • Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
  • Emerald Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus)
  • Yellow-eared Toucanet (Selenidera spectabilis)
  • Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus)
  • Fiery-billed Aracari (Pteroglossus frantzii)

    TROGONIFORMES

    TROGONS & JACAMARS

  • Resplendent Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno)
  • Collared Trogon (Trogon collaris)
  • Slaty-tailed Trogon (Trogon massena)
  • Violoceous Trogon (Trogon Violaceus)
  • Orange-bellied Trogon (Trogon aurantiiventris)
  • Rufous-tailed Jacamar (Galbula ruficauda)
  • CUCULIFORMES

    CUCKOOS

  • Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
  • Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor)
  • Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
  • Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)
  •  

    CORACIIFORMES

    MOTMOTS & KINGFISHERS

  • Blue-crowned Motmot (Momotus momota)
  • Rufous Motmot (Baryphthengus martii)
  • Turquoise-browed Motmot (Eumomota superciliosa)
  • Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)
  • Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)
  • Green and Rufous Kingfisher (Chloroceryle inda)
  • Ringed Kingfisher (Ceryle torquata)

    PSITTACIFORMES
  • PARROTS

  • Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa)
  • Red-lored Parrot (Amazona autumnalis)
  • Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata)
  • Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis)
  • Great-Green Macaw (Ara ambigua)
  • Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao)
  • Sulfur-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoffmanni)
  • Crimson-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga finschi)
  • Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)

  • TROGONIFORMES

    TROGONS & JACAMARS

  • Resplendent Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno)
  • Collared Trogon (Trogon collaris)
  • Slaty-tailed Trogon (Trogon massena)
  • Violoceous Trogon (Trogon Violaceus)
  • Rufous-tailed Jacamar (Galbula ruficauda)
  • CUCULIFORMES

    CUCKOOS

  • Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
  • Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor)
  • Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
  • Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)

  • PASSERIFORMES

    WOOD WARBLERS & GNATCATCHERS

  • Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)
  • Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica)
  • Mangrove Warbler (Dendroica petechia erithachorides)
  • Collared Redstart (Myioborus torquatus)
  • Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus)
  • Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons)
  • Three-striped Warbler (Basileuterus tristriatus)
  • Flame-throated Warbler (Oreothlypis gutturalis)
  • Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
  • Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora perigrina)
  • Wilsons Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla)
  • White-lored Gnatcatcher (Polioptila albiloris)
  • Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
  • FLYCATCHERS

  • Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)
  • Yellowish Flycatcher (Empidonax flavescens)
  • Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)
  • Black-capped Flycatcher (Empidonax atriceps)
  • Ochraceous Pewee (Contopus ochraceus)
  • Dark Pewee (Contopus lugubris)
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
  • Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus)
  • Common Tody Flycatcher (Todirostrum nigriceps)
  • Slate-headed Tody Flycatcher (Todirostrum sylvia)
  • Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)
  • Gray-capped Flycatcher (Myiozetetes granadensis)
  • Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)
  • Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)
  • Tufted Flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus)
  • Tawny-chested Flycatcher (Aphanotriccus capitalis)
  • Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
  • Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
  • Long-tailed Silky Flycatcher (Ptilogonys caudatus)
  • Black-and-Yellow Silky-Flycatcher (Phainoptila melanoxantha)
  • Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
  • Long-tailed Tyrant (Colonia colonus)
  • Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant (Myiornis atricapillus)
  • Paltry Mistletoe Tyrannulet (Zimmerius vilissimus)
  • Torrent Tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea)

    GROSBEAKS SALTATORS & FINCHES

  • Black-headed Saltator (Saltator atriceps)
  • Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)
  • Black-faced Grosbeak (Caryothraustes poliogaster)
  • Black-thighed Grosbeak (Pheucticus tibialis)
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
  • Chestnut-capped Brush-finch (Arremon brunneinucha)
  • White-naped Brush-Finch (Atlapetes albinucha)
  • Large-footed Finch (Pezopetes capitalis)
  • Yellow-thighed Finch (Pselliophorus tibialis)
  • ANTBIRDS

  • Chestnut-backed Antbird (Myrmeciza exsul)
  • Bicolored Antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis)
  • Dusky Antbird (Cercomacra tyrannia)
  • Ocellated Antbird (Phaenostictus mcleannani)
  • Spotted Antbird (Hylophylaxnaevioides)
  • Fasciated Antshrike (Cymbilaimus lineatus)
  • SWALLOWS & MARTINS

  • Gray-breasted Martin (Pronge chalybea)
  • Purple Martin (Pronge subis)
  • Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
  • Cliff Swallow (Hirundo pyrrhonota)
  • Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
  • MANAKINS & BECARDS

  • Cinnamon Becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
  • Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae)
  • Long-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia linearis)
  • White-ruffed Manakin (Corapipo altera)
  • White-collared Manakin (Manacus candei)
  • SPARROWS & SEEDEATERS

  • Black-striped Sparrow (Arremonops conirostris)
  • Orange-billed Sparrow (Arremon aurantiirostris)
  • Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)
  • Variable Seedeater (Sporophila aurita
  • White-collared Seedeater (Sporophila torqueola)
  • Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivacea)

    FLOWERPIERCERS

  • Slaty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa plumbea)

    JAYS, WRENS & THRUSHES

  • Brown Jay (Cyanocorax morio)
  • White-throated Magpie Jay (Calocitta formosa)
  • Silvery-throated Jay (Cyanolyca argentigula)
  • Banded-backed Wren (Campylorhhynchus zonatus)
  • Rufous-naped Wren (Campylorhhynchus rufinucha)
  • House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
  • Ochraceous Wren (Troglodytes ochraceous)
  • White-breasted Wood Wren (Henicorhina leucosticta)
  • Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus
  • Clay-colored Robin (Turdus grayi)
  • Sooty Robin (Turdus nigrescens)
  • Black-billed Nightingale-thrush (Catharus gracilirostris)
  • Ruddy-capped Nightingale-thrush (Catharus frantzii)
  • Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
  • White-throated Thrush (Turdus assimilis)
  • Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
  • Black-faced Solitaire (Myadestes melanops)

    MOURNERS, TITYRAS & COTINGAS

  • Rufous Mourner (Rhytipterna holerythra)
  • Black-crowned Tityra (Tityra inquisitor)
  • Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata)
  • Snowy Cotinga (Carpodectes nitidus)
  • Turquoise Cotinga (Cotinga ridgwayi)
  • Yellow-billed Cotinga (Carpodectes antoniae)
  • Three-wattled Bellbird (Procnias tricarunculata)
  • Bare-necked Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus glabricollis)
  • WOODCREEPERS & FURNARIDS

  • Barred Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes certhia)
  • Streak-headed Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
  • Spot-crowned Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes affinis)
  • Ruddy Treerunner (Margarornis rubiginosus)
  • ICTERIDS

  • Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
  • Black-cowled Oriole (Icterus dominicensis)
  • Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus)
  • Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
  • Chestnut-headed Oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri)
  • Montezuma Orependola (Psarocolius montezuma)
  • Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
  • Scarlet-rumped Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis)
  • Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)
  • HONEYCREEPERS & TANAGERS

  • Bay-headed Tanager (Tangara gyrola)
  • Golden-hooded Tanager (Tanagara larvata)
  • Silver-throated Tanager (Tangara icterocephala)
  • Spangled-cheeked Tanager (Tangara dowii)
  • Speckled Tanager (Tangara guttata)
  • Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata)
  • Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
  • Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
  • Emerald Tanager (Tangara florida)
  • Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)
  • Crimson-collared Tanager (Phlogothraupis sanguinolenta)
  • Gray-headed Tanager (Eucometis penicillata)
  • White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
  • Scarlet-rumped Tanager (Ramphocelus passerinii)
  • Red-throated Ant-Tanager (Habia fuscicauda)
  • Common Bush Tanager (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
  • Sooty-capped Bush Tanager (Chlorospingus pileatus)
  • Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza)
  • Shining Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes lucidus)
  • Red-legged Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus)
  • Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana)
  • Scarlet-thighed Dacnis (Dacnis venusta)
  • EUPHONIAS

  • Olive-backed Euphonia (Euphonia gouldi)
  • Scrub Euphonia (Euphonia affinis)
  • Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris)
  • Yellow-crowned Euphonia (Euphonia luteicapilla)
  • Golden-browed Clorophonia (Chlorophonia callophrys)
  •  

    Total Costa Rican Bird Species = 282